migraine headache

What to do when you have a migraine headache?

A migraine is a headache that can induce extreme throbbing pain or a pulsating sensation, usually on one side of the head. Nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound are all common symptoms. Migraine attacks can linger for hours to days, and the pain can be so intense that it interferes with your everyday activities.

A warning symptom known as an aura might develop before or together with a headache for certain people. Visual issues, such as blind spots, tingling in the face, or difficulty speaking on one side of the body, are some signs of an aura.

The phases of migraine headache include prodrome, aura, attack, and post-drome conditions. The indications of each phase may differ from person to person, depending on the severity of the condition.

Prodrome:

In the days leading up to a migraine, you may notice a variety of minor changes, such as the following:

  • Constipation
  • From depressive to euphoric mood swings
  • Food-related compulsions
  • Stiffness at the back of the neck
  • An increased need to urinate
  • Retention of fluid
  • Continuous yawning

Aura:

In some people, auras can appear before or during migraines. Auras are a sign of the neurological system that can be reversed. Disturbances, which are most commonly visual, might also comprise other types. As each symptom progresses, it might last a few minutes to an hour.

  • A variety of shapes, bright spots, or flashes of light are examples of visual phenomena.
  • Loss of vision
  • Nerves pricked up an arm or leg tingling
  • On one side of the body or face, numbness or weakness
  • Inability to talk

Attack: 

There are four to 72 hours in the course of an untreated migraine. A person’s frequency of migraines varies from one individual to the next. Depending on the severity, migraines can occur only seldom or several times per month. Consult a doctor at a headache relief center for immediate relief from severe headaches.

  • Pain is commonly felt on one side of the head, but it can sometimes be felt on both sides.
  • throbbing or pulsing pain
  • Intense sensitivities to visual, aural, and sometimes tactile stimuli
  • Vomiting and diarrhea

Post-drome: 

For up to a day following a migraine attack, you may feel exhausted, disoriented, and depleted of energy. In addition, a short return of pain is possible if you suddenly move your head.

What can provoke the migraine condition?

A variety of factors can trigger a migraine; it is important to watch the factors causing the signs. Majorly the causes include,

Hormonal imbalance:

Fluctuations in estrogen, such as before or during menstrual cycles, pregnancy, and menopause, seem to produce headaches in many women.

Drinks:

These include alcohol, particularly wine, and excessive amounts of caffeine, such as coffee.

Stress:

Severe stress can cause migraine.

Changes in sleep patterns:

Some people experience migraines due to sleep deprivation, while others experience migraines as a result of excessive sleep.

Understanding certain things and following them is essential to avoid making migraines worse. Here are a few precautions to follow to get relief from migraines.

Switch off the lights:

Migraines might make you more sensitive to light and sound. Relax in a dark, quiet place. Get some rest if you can.

Hot or ice packs:

Compress your head or neck with hot or cold compresses.Ice packs provide a numbing effect that may aid with pain relief. Hot packs and heating pads can also be used to relax stiff muscles.

Various other ways like managing stress and watching the foods you consume can help relieve the pain.

Migraine headaches are diagnosed as follows:

If you have migraines or have a family history of migraines, reach out to the best doctor for headache, who will most likely diagnose migraines based on your medical history, symptoms, and a physical and neurological exam.

MRI Scan:

An MRI scan creates comprehensive images of the brain and blood arteries using a high magnetic field and radio waves. MRI scans assist doctors in diagnosing cancers, strokes, brain hemorrhages, infections, and other neurological diseases.

Migraine headaches are treatable in several ways.

Migraine headache treatment aims to alleviate symptoms and prevent attacks in the future.

Migraine drugs come in a variety of forms. There are two specific kinds of medications used in the treatment of migraines:

Abortive medications:

When used at the earliest migraine symptoms, medicines are most helpful. Take them while the discomfort is still bearable. Abortive medications help to stop or reduce migraine symptoms including pain, nausea, light sensitivity, and so on by potentially stopping the headache process. 

Some abortion drugs operate by constricting blood vessels, restoring normality, and reducing excruciating pain.

Medications for prevention or prophylaxis:

If your headaches are severe, occur more than four times a month, and seriously interfere with your everyday activities, you may be offered medication. Headaches are less severe and occur less frequently with the use of preventive medications. 

Medication is frequently administered daily to help avoid migraines. Reach out to the headache specialist in Coimbatore if you are looking for migraine treatment.

Migraines can strike suddenly and without warning. They have the power to spoil your day—or maybe several days. They can cause you to miss work, crucial activities, and fun. If you suffer from migraines regularly, you’re aware that you don’t have complete control over your life.

Migraine headaches can be debilitating, but they are rarely fatal and rarely result in long-term brain damage. However, migraine with aura can raise your chances of migraine infarction, an ischemic stroke that happens during a migraine attack.

To reclaim control, work with your migraine neurologist. It’s ideal to maintain a migraine journal. Keep track of when you suffer migraines, what you were doing, and what you ate. Keep track of the weather and whether you were exposed to odd odors or settings. 

Knowing your migraine triggers can help you avoid them. Consult the best neurologists at the best hospital In Coimbatore for the advanced treatment of headaches.

Overactive nerve cells in your brain send out messages that activate your trigeminal nerve, which controls sensation in your head and face, causing a migraine. This causes your body to release hormones like serotonin and calcitonin gene-related peptides.

Your doctor may also prescribe a variety of medications or drug combinations. This allows you to figure out which treatments are the most successful in preventing migraines or stopping them once they start.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.