What are the causes and treatment options for back pain?

People with back pain may experience mild to severe pain. It can affect people of all ages and genders. In many cases, pain in the back is not a major issue. It might just be caused by normal strain to ligament or muscle. Simple home remedies and treatments can treat this type of back pain. If you are experiencing back pain that lasts more than 1-2 weeks, you need to visit your healthcare service provider. 

Back pain can be a symptom of other harmful conditions. Avoiding back pain can limit your movement, reduce the ability to do everyday tasks, and affect your overall health.  

So considering a suitable treatment option is an ideal option for you. In this post, you can find the best treatment options to relieve your back pain and restore your previous active life. Before considering any treatment for back pain, you need to understand the causes of back pain. It will help you to eliminate your pain effectively.   

Causes of back pain

Various factors and conditions can develop back pain. Some common causes of back pain are given below:

Muscle sprain/strain 

The most common causes of back pain are muscle sprains and strains. A sprain refers to tearing of the ligament, while strain to tearing of a tendon or muscle. Lower back pain (caused by muscle sprains or strains) can range from mild to debilitating. Different activities can lead to strains or sprains, including:

  • Lifting something too heavy
  • Lifting something improperly
  • Making an abrupt movement 


As we grow older, the ligaments, discs, and bones in the spine can naturally weaken. It is a part of the aging process. In this condition, the discs in the spine become thinner, and spaces between the vertebrae become narrower.   


Sciatica can also develop pain in the lower back. People with sciatica may experience numbness and tingling feeling in their legs. This issue occurs due to a nerve in the spine being squeezed or pressed on. A regular back pain exercise in Toronto, ON can help you to ease the symptoms of sciatica.  

Posture and sudden movements

A poor sleeping or sitting posture can develop lower back pain. Sudden abrupt movements such as sneezing, coughing, over-stretching, and twisting can often contribute to pain in the back.


Osteoarthritis can develop pain in the hip, lower back, and other places. This joint disease can also cause swelling, inflammation, stiffness, and discomfort.


You can experience spasms when tendons and muscles are torn in your lower back. It usually happens when you are playing a game or weightlifting. 

Kidney problem 

Infection or stones in the kidney can also result in back pain.

Lifestyle triggers 

  • Not exercising
  • Working on the same desk for a long time
  • Being overweight
  • Lifting heavy objects
  • Wearing high heels
  • Smoking 

Other causes 

  • An infection such as kidney infection 
  • Bone issues like a fracture
  • A tumour
  • Cancer of the spine
  • shingles
  • Pelvic diseases
  • Inflammation
  • Endometriosis
  • Abnormal spine curvature
  • Sports injury or accident
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Discitis or osteomyelitis (infection in the bones and discs of the spine)
  • People with a sleep disorder can also experience back pain
  • Cauda equine syndrome 

Treatment options for back pain 

Most people recover completely by doing some back pain exercises in Toronto, ON. There are different home remedies and treatment options available to relieve back pain. If your back pain affecting your work and life, you can try the following treatment options:

Hot therapy

Applying a heat pack can improve blood flow and promote the body’s natural healing process. It will also help you to reduce inflammation, stiffness, and chronic pain.

Cold therapy

You can apply an ice pack to your lower back to get instant relief from pain. It can help you to reduce swelling and discomfort.  

Physical therapy

Your doctor or physical therapist may recommend this treatment option to stretch and strengthen your back muscles, improve function and mobility and reduce your back pain. 

It is a non-invasive treatment approach to ease pain from the root. Physical therapists include manual therapy and back pain exercises in Toronto, ON, to manage your pain and enhance flexibility and range of motion.  

Your physical therapists will work with you and teach you to prevent future back injury and pain. They may also offer some low-impact back pain exercises in Toronto, ON, to restore your ability to do your favorite activities and regular work.

Aquatic therapy

Aquatic exercises and therapy can help to decrease chronic back pain and improve flexibility. This treatment technique can also assist you to strengthen your core muscles and develop balance.  

Medication treatment

To relieve your back pain, your doctor may recommend the following

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs)
  • Muscle relaxants
  • Epidural spinal injections
  • Topical pain relievers
  • Duloxetine 

Mindfulness and meditation

Some relaxation practices like meditation and yoga can help your brain deal with back pain. Meditation is one of the best options to relieve stress levels and inflammation.   


Depending on the causes of your pain, a doctor or physical therapist develops a treatment plan to relieve your pain and offer a long-term solution. Consult with your healthcare expert if you are experiencing unmanageable pain in your back. They can help you to address the reason for your back pain and can assist you to feel better.  

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